Conférenciers invités au congrès de 2019
Dre Donna J. Markham, OP, PhD
Conférence plénière de la présidente honoraire (31 mai, après la cérémonie d’ouverture)
Dre Donna J. Markham
Résumé : Trained as practitioners, researchers and educators, psychologists possess a unique constellation of strengths to successfully address complicated social problems. Especially poignant among current challenges today is the impact of mental and physical health problems affecting the chronically homeless population. The dearth of available government resources, the high cost of the overutilization of emergency departments and acute hospitalizations of the homeless, mentally ill and/or addicted people in our communities creates a recurring cycle of human suffering and social dismay. Additionally, many urban areas are plagued by abandoned or excess properties while the shortage of permanent, affordable housing is at a premium. This presentation will describe an innovative initiative underway in five cities designed to reduce chronic homelessness by 20% and decrease hospital and emergency department admissions by 50% over five years. This is achieved by the provision of intense wraparound services provided by clinicians in new housing development and/or repurposed urban properties. Collaborative efforts between health care systems and social service systems will be described as these efforts have realized the triple aim of enhanced human dignity through better care, decreased costs and an increase of the number of persons cared for. Such partnerships with healthcare institutions, financial institutions and corporations have made successful outcomes possible. The entire initiative is subject to rigorous measurement of outcomes. These data will be shared with attendees.
Biographie: Donna Markham OP, PhD, ABPP is a board certified clinical psychologist and Dominican sister who currently serves as President and CEO of Catholic Charities USA (CCUSA). Catholic Charities provides $4.6B in services to over 10 million people annually. In her position, she oversees the implementation of strategic priorities focused on reducing poverty and enhancing human dignity for individuals and families who live on the margins of society. A transformational leader and creative thinker, Dr. Markham is committed to finding solutions to complex social problems. Exercising social responsibility in service to the common good is the goal of her lifework as a psychologist and a woman of faith. An author, educator, clinician and executive, she consults nationally and internationally on issues related to the social determinants of health, organizational transformation and group processes geared toward social and emotional healing. Dr. Markham served as President of the Southdown Institute in Aurora, Ontario for ten years. Prior to her current role at CCUSA, she served as President of the Behavioral Health Institute at Mercy Health System where she led the redesign of the delivery of behavioral health services across the nine geographic regions of the system. On a personal note, she remains particularly proud of her dual citizenship as a Canadian.
Dr Greg Mariotti Walton
Greg Walton is an Associate Professor of Psychology at Stanford University. Much of his research investigates psychological processes that contribute to major social problems and how “wise” interventions that target these processes can address such problems and help people flourish, even over long periods of time.
Dr. Walton focuses on fundamental ways in which people make sense of themselves, other people, and social situations, how meanings people draw can be counterproductive and self-reinforcing (e.g., “People like me don’t belong here”) and how they can be altered to cause lasting benefits to individuals and to society.
Dr. Walton’s research has been covered in major media outlets including the New York Times, Harvard Business Review, The Wall Street Journal, Huffington Post, NPR, The Chronicle of Higher Education, The Washington Post, The San Francisco Chronicle, The Los Angeles Times, and The Onion.
In addition to his scholarship, Dr. Walton is a committed teacher and mentor. At Stanford, he teaches courses on psychology and social problems, including one entitled “Wise Interventions.”
Title: Psychologically Wise Interventions Can Support Better Teacher-Student Relationships and Reduce Discipline Problems in School
Dr. Greg Mariotti Walton
Department of Psychology, Stanford University
Abstract: What causes exorbitant rates of suspensions and other discipline problems in school, especially among boys and students of color? Whereas it is common to focus separately on the qualities of teachers and students, I understand discipline problems as emanating from relationships that develop over time between teachers and students. If teachers view students as out of control, they may respond in punitive ways to misbehavior. If students feel disrespected or judged stereotypically, they may act out. A toxic cycle may ensue. To interrupt this cycle, interventions may help either teachers or students build better relationships. Testing this account, I will present two primary intervention field experiments. The first, focused on teachers, encourages an emphatic rather than punitive approach to student misbehavior. This empathic discipline intervention, a brief online exercise (70-min over two sessions) randomized to middle-school math teachers, reduced suspension rates among 1,682 students by 50% over a school year. The second, focused on students, represents worries about belonging and relationships with teachers as normal early in middle school and as improving with time—not as proof of a permanent or global lack of belonging. Delivered in two class sessions early in 6th grade, this social-belonging intervention reduced disciplinary citations among Black boys through the end of high school by 65%, closing the disparity with White boys by 75%. Further analyses identify improved cycles of interaction with teachers in 6th and 7th grades and more positive beliefs at the end of 7th grade. Interventions to reduce discipline problems can improve students’ trajectories through school and into adulthood; they also improve the learning environment for all students and the work environment for teachers. Further, they provide a case study illustrating a distinctive social-psychological approach to understanding and remedying social problems. Discussion will address these implications and how psychologically “wise” interventions can address diverse social and personal problems.
Dr Brian Little
Le Dr Brian Little est un chercheur et un conférencier de renommée internationale dans le domaine de la personnalité et de la psychologie de la motivation. Ses recherches de pointe sur la façon dont les projets personnels quotidiens et les traits de personnalité « adaptables » influencent le cours de notre vie ont mené à la création d’une méthodologie qui permet d’expliquer et d’améliorer l’épanouissement humain. À l’Université de Cambridge, où il est en ce moment, le professeur Little est chargé de recherche au Well-Being Institute et directeur du groupe de recherche en écologie sociale du département de psychologie. Il est aussi affilié à la Cambridge Judge Business School et au Psychometrics Centre de la même université.
Le professeur Brian R. Little a fait ses études en Colombie-Britannique et détient un doctorat de l’Université de Californie, à Berkeley. Sa recherche se situe à l’intersection de la psychologie de la personnalité, de la psychologie du développement et de la psychologie appliquée. Il a enseigné à l’Université d’Oxford, à Harvard et à l’Université Carleton, et a reçu de nombreux prix soulignant ses réalisations à titre d’enseignant et de chercheur. En 2000, il a reçu le titre de Distinguished Research Professor Emeritus de l’Université Carleton et depuis 2010, il dirige le groupe de recherche en écologie sociale à l’Université de Cambridge.
Site Web du département de psychologie : http://firstname.lastname@example.org
Site Web personnel : http://www.brianrlittle.com
Titre : Fates Beyond Traits: The Social Ecology of Human Flourishing
Dr Brian Little
Département de psychologie, Université de Cambridge
The study of human personality explores how each of us is like all other people, some other people and no other person. Understanding the nature and nurture of human personality is essential to shaping our singular and collective futures. One influential perspective on personality emphasizes how stable traits such as extraversion or neuroticism have consequences for how we think, feel and act, for better or for worse. From this perspective, whether our lives go well or poorly is largely determined by our biogenic traits. This is an important perspective, but it is incomplete.
I present an alternative social ecological perspective on personality that claims that we have fates beyond traits. We shape our lives through the pursuit of personal projects that can range from the trivial pursuits of typical Thursdays to the overarching and self-defining commitments of our lives. Although project pursuit reflects our stable traits it also is influenced by the stable and dynamic features of our environmental contexts and by the enactment of “free traits” that involve us acting out of character.
Human flourishing comprises the sustainable pursuit of core projects in our individual and collective lives. From this perspective, human personality is intriguing, hilarious, complex, frustrating, noble and massively consequential.
Dr William Bard et Dre Angela Colantonio
Symposium plénier : Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE) in Sport and in Intimate Partner Violence. Exploration of Repeated Concussions in Two Populations from a BioPsychoSocial Perspective
Commandité par la section de neuropsychologie de l’SPC
Dr William Bard: Believers Versus Deniers: The Radicalization of CTE Science:
Résumé : Le sujet des lésions cérébrales répétées, typiques des sports de contact, continue de recevoir beaucoup d’attention des médias en Amérique du Nord et partout dans le monde. Cette présentation fournira un examen complet des connaissances scientifiques actuelles sur l’encéphalopathie traumatique chronique (ETC) et une analyse des effets sociaux de la couverture médiatique de cette maladie controversée. L’examen scientifique comporte une revue critique, vue sous l’angle de la neuropsychologie, des études qui soutiennent l’affirmation selon laquelle les lésions cérébrales répétées entraînent une forme particulière de tauopathie, qui présente des symptômes différents de ceux d’autres maladies cliniques et neurodégénératives. La présentation se poursuivra par un examen des influences sociales qu’exercent la presse et les médias sociaux sur la pratique du hockey et du football chez les jeunes et sur les défis juridiques qui impliquent des athlètes de la Ligue nationale de hockey (LNH), de la National Football League (NFL) et de la Ligue canadienne de football (LCF). La présentation se terminera par une analyse sociopsychologique des tendances modernes à la polarisation de l’opinion publique face à des questions controversées, comme celles que l’on constate en politique et dans notre réaction aux études scientifiques en cours sur l’ETC.
Dre Angela Colantonio: Beyond football: Intimate partner violence and concussion/brain injury
Résumé : Intimate partner violence (IPV) affects 1 in four women over their lifetime in Canada and international estimates are even higher. Up to 92 of hits are to the head, face and neck in this context and are more likely to be repetitive. While the majority of research on Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE) has been conducted on male athletes, there has been a dearth of research on women experiencing brain injury in the IPV context. The aim of this presentation is to present an overview of research on brain injury among women in the IPV context and its significance with respect to CTE. Further, research highlights from a new program of research on IPV and traumatic brain injury in Canada will be shared that includes a needs assessment of frontline providers and a report from the first national workshop on IPV and brain injury that includes a broad range of stakeholders. Innovative education strategies that have developed including a toolkit for front line providers and future research directions will also be discussed.
Affiliation: Université de Toronto et Toronto Rehabilitation Institute-University Health Network
Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE) in Sport and in Intimate Partner Violence. Exploration of Repeated Concussions in Two Populations from a BioPsychoSocial Perspective
Dr Sam Mikail
Président de la SCP, 2018-2019
Titre : Overview of Two CPA National Psychology Summits
Dr Sam Mikail
Président de la SCP, 2018-2019
Résumé : In the Spring of 2019, the CPA hosted two national summits specific to psychology. The first Summit, What’s needed and what’s next for Canada’s research community: A summit for scientists/researchers working in or outside of academia, was co-hosted with the Canadian Consortium of Research (CCR), for which the CPA serves as Chair. Dr. David Naylor, Chair of the panel convened to review fundamental science in Canada, kicked off the Summit with a Keynote Address and Townhall Discussion on the state of fundamental science in Canada. Delegates then participated in break out sessions focused on the academic work environment, training our next generation for careers outside of academia, and impact/outcome measures in academia and science. Day 2 of the Summit included a meeting of the psychology attendees only and included a keynote address by Dr. Stewart Donaldson, Claremont Graduate University, on creating new frontiers and rewarding careers for psychologist scientists. It was followed by a panel discussion with delegates with PhDs in psychology, outside of health practice, who had pursued careers outside of academia, and ended with a discussion of issues currently facing psychology departments. The second summit, The Future of Professional Training In Psychology, was organized around five key themes: 1) Standards and Models of Training for Academic and Internship Programs; 2) Supervision and Mentorship Throughout Professional Lifespan; 3) Responding to the Needs of First Nations and Under-Represented Groups; 4) Technology and Professional Practice; and 5) Interprofessional Education and Collaborative Practice. Leaders in Psychology developed papers addressing each of the five themes which were disseminated to delegates to review and consider in advance of the summit. The three day summit hosted several keynote speakers, largely representing the partners and stakeholders whose work and decisions impact the context of psychological practice. The delegates, leaders in a range of applied psychology areas, engaged in small group work, organized along the five summit themes and led by the authors of the themed papers. The small group work, and ultimately the conclusions and recommendations for training that proceeded from the summit were informed by the keynotes and the needs of the many publics affected by psychological practice. In this plenary session, Dr. Samuel Mikail, CPA President, will present an overview of the key messages and recommendations heard at both summits.